General George Washington, with his 2400 men and 18 guns, crossed the Delaware River to attack 1400 Hessians commanded by Colonel Rahl (Rall by some accounts).
The Hessian mercenaries, fighting for the British, were surprised and defeated in a matter of an hour and a half.
The effect of the battle of Trenton was out of all proportion to the numbers involved and the casualties. The American effort across the colonies was galvanized and the psychological dominance achieved by the British in the preceding year overturned. Howe was stunned that a strong German contingent could be surprised in such a manner and put up so little resistance. Washington’s constant problem was to maintain the enthusiasm of his army for the war, particularly with the system of one year recruitment and Trenton proved a much needed encouragement.
• Washington’s army crossing the Delaware in the freezing conditions has become an important national image for the United States as can be seen in Emmanuel Leutze’s picture.
• Present at the battle were: two other future presidents James Madison and James Monroe, the future Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, John Marshall, Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton.
The Treaty of Ghent in 1814
Ended the War of 1812 between America and Great Britain. Communication was slow and news of the treaty didn't reach America until after the Battle of New Orleans, January the 8th of 1815